Taipei Information

General Overview

Population: 2.7 Million
Area: 35,980 Square Kilometers
Currency: New Taiwan Dollar (NT$)
Time Zone: National Standard Time (UTC+8)
Climate: In June, Average High is 32 Celsius, Low of 25 Celsius
Average Price of Meal: $3.50
Popular Religions: Buddhism, Taoism
Electricity: Same as Canada and USA, 110V 60HZ AC
Cellular Networks: 3G and 4G available, 9000 Free Wi-Fi Hot Spots

Top Experiences

Add Huashan 1914 Creative Park to your list of green spaces to check out in the city center. Be sure to think of Dihua Street, formerly known as Centre Street, for checking out Chinese medicine shops, fabric markets, and lively Lunar New Year celebrations. From wandering through the Tonghua Night Market with lively, exciting smells and wondrous shopping of all sorts, to exploring the world's largest and arguably finest collection of Chinese art in the National Palace Museum, there are so many things to do in Taipei.

Location

Taipei is located 25.05 latitude and 121.53 longitude and it is situated at elevation 10 meters above sea level. As the capital city of Taiwan, it is a modern metropolis with Japanese colonial lanes, busy shopping streets and contemporary buildings. The skyline is crowned by the 509m-tall, bamboo-shaped Taipei 101 skyscraper, with upscale shops at the base and a rapid elevator to an observatory near the top.

Climate

Taiwan belongs to tropical and subtropical climate zones that range from rainy to dry weather and hot to cool temperatures, depending on altitude and latitude. Taiwan's average annual rainfall is 2,515 mm. Average temperature for the northern half of the island is about 21.7°C; average temperature for the southern half is around 24.1°C. The island is coldest from January through March with temperatures dropping to around 10°C. From June to August, hot weather prevails with temperatures rising up to 38°C. More moderate temperatures follow in the months between, with an average temperature of 25°C.

Language

Despite coming from distant provinces with complex languages and ethnic backgrounds, new immigrants who migrated along with the Republic of China Government in 1949 can generally communicate in Mandarin Chinese. With the advent of public education, Mandarin has become the official language of Taiwan's various ethnic groups.

Since many Taiwanese are of southern Fujianese descent, Minnan (the Southern Min dialect) is also widely spoken. The smaller groups of Hakka people and indigenous tribes continue to preserve their own languages. Many elderly people can also speak some Japanese, as they were once subjected to Japanese education before Taiwan was returned to Chinese rule in 1945 after the Japanese occupation, which lasted for half a century.

Ethnicity

Taiwan has a population of about 23 million people which consists of various ethnic groups. The aborigines who have inhabited the island for around 8,000 years make up 2.3% of the total population; the Han Chinese who migrated to Taiwan in the seventeenth century constitute the rest of the population.

The diversity of Taiwan’s culture and heritage formed with the integration of different ethnic groups and illustrate the harmony and prosperity possible among various religions, architecture, languages, lifestyles, and cuisines. Seventy percent of the population are concentrated in the five western metropolitan areas (Taipei, Taoyuan, Taichung, Tainan, and Kaohsiung), among which the Taipei metropolis harbors Taipei City, the capital of Taiwan, and New Taipei City, the largest city in Taiwan.

Economy

After the 1960s, Taiwan underwent economic and industrial reforms, and experienced rapid social development. The economic achievements of the 1970s and 1980s allowed Taiwan to rank among the Asian Tigers and, in the 1990s, among developed countries.

Since the 1980s, the economic structure of Taiwan gradually shifted from labor-intensive industries to high-tech industries, wherein the electronics industry was particularly vital to the world's economy. Taiwan has excelled in the semiconductor, optoelectronics, information technology, communications, and electronics fields. At present, the economy is shifting toward nanotechnology, biotechnology, optoelectronics, and the tourism service industry.

Moreover, international trade is the economic lifeline of Taiwan. Japan and the United States were Taiwan's top two trading partners until 2005, when Mainland China took over as Taiwan's main import/export trading region, with Japan and the United States coming in second and third.

In recent years, the grim financial situations of the U.S.A. and European economies and the economic slowdown in China had a joint impact on the economic performance of Taiwan. In 2018, Taiwan's economic growth rate was 2.6%, the gross domestic product (GDP) was $589,369 million USD, with an average per capita GDP of $25,000 USD,the gross national income (GNI) was $600,039 million USD, with an average per capita GNI of $25,451 USD. In terms of commodity prices, the consumer price index decreased 0.05% this December (2018) in comparison to the last year. As for the employment situation, the average number of employed is 11.48 million people as of this December (2018); the average unemployment rate is 3.66%.